User interface is a layer of the Operating System and it allows the users to interact with the hardware in an efficient manner. Over years we have seen great revolutions in this vibrant sphere. Microsoft based Windows OS proved to be the most widely accepted OS due to its great UI among the personal computers based OS’s. This decade witnessed the revolutionary growth of Android based smart phones. The wide acceptance of Android is strongly attributed with the simple UI.
UI plays an important role in the acceptance of products. Symbian and Java based phones were treated as outdated when Android revolutionised the UI concepts. In Computer engineering UI refers to the graphical, audio or textual information the program presents to the user. Hence this UI can be Graphical User Interfaces, Web User Interfaces, Touch Screens, and Gesture Interfaces etc. The categories of UI are wide and each day we are adding more innovations with frequent updates on the UI. These updates add more comfort and ease to the users which will further enhance the productivity. Evaluating from the past, we have seen tremendous innovations and this is a continuous process and we could expect more innovations in user interfaces in the future too.
So it is relevant to be alerted with the possibilities of UI in future. There are many possible designs and directions that future UIs may take. Since it is innovative and interesting we should be updated with the new UIs and its capabilities.
Skinput is one of the most powerful UI that could be revolutionary in the coming decades. Skinput uses bio-acoustic sensors to locate the finger taps on the skin.
With the use of a pico-projector we could directly use our skin as a Graphical UI and the input could be read from the sensors. Skinput thus creates a great possibility in manufacturing the electronic devices with compact size. Skinput was first demonstrated at Microsoft’s TechFest 2010 and afterwards it was demonstrated to the public several times, making them aware of this UI revolution.
Traditionally we have flat displays for our mobiles and gadgets. It is a fact that we often face great difficulties in handling the 5inch or 7inch electronic device in our hands. Flexible displays are flexible in nature, and in the recent years many firms are working to bring out new devices with flexible displays.
The first flexible displays conceptualized and prototyped were flexible Electronic papers (e-papers). Electrowetting or Electrophoretic technologies were employed during the manufacturing of Electronic papers with flexible displays. LG created their 19”e display paper using a metal foil so that it will return to its original shape always. Further, researches are happening in the labs of Samsung, and are working on the flexible AMOLED display with 4.5inch diagonal display size.
Gesture recognition involves the interpretation of the human gestures using algorithms and to instruct the computer to do certain tasks for the gestures passed. Gesture recognition involves the application of artificial intelligence in ordinary computers and helps the humans to communicate with the device without the use of mechanical devices.
Gesture recognition is implemented using the image processing and computer vision technologies. The thesis behind is very simple, the computer will have a camera connected to it and the image is processed using digital image processing technologies which is further passed on to algorithms to process the instruction. The gesture recognition technologies are of great importance and one of the great impacts could be seen in the gaming industries. Nintendo Wii’s available in the market make use of the gesture recognition technology to improve the gaming experience. It adds a great feel and enthusiasm to its users giving them a real game experience. Mean while, Xbox has begun a project named Natal which eliminates the controllers employed in the gaming. This will yield a 100% gesture recognition based device to offer a new gaming experience.
In the recent years, we have seen more revolutionary changes taking place in the UI design. During this era we witnessed the multi touch screens in our mobile devices. A smart table which is capable of managing all the files with touches namely, Surface is another revolutionary step in the UI. We are also witnessing tremendous innovations happening in the field of UI with the incorporation of artificial intelligence in UI designs. These all enhance the visibility of the device to the user and the user could interact more efficiently with the device and make use of it. With wide range of applications and innovations we could update the list easily without any strain. You can share your views on the future of UI.